This thesis investigated the cognitive functions of images which is newly
attracting attention these days, focused on collage interview analysis. For
theoretical discussion on which cognitive functions images can have, existing
studies on aesthetics, psychology of art, and the recently emerging art-based
research or image-based research were examined. Then, to look into the
specific appearances of these cognitive functions in art therapy, collage art
therapy cases were analyzed and the relations of the cognitive functions of
images with the therapeutic effects of art were explored. The findings from
this thesis are as follows: Firstly, images could be used to facilitate
expressions. Secondly, images could be used to evoke and reconstruct
dialogues. Thirdly, images make people pay attention to things in new ways.
Fourthly, the function of activation could be performed through images.
Finally, images could enhance empathetic understanding. Discussion on the
cognitive functions of images in art therapy will greatly contribute to the
reinforcement of the academic identity of art therapy by providing the
theoretical basis for more persuasive arguments about the therapeutic effects
of art and also by presenting the therapeutic aspects of art therapy that are
differentiated from psychotherapy.