The gifted education, currently has been trying to find a way to identify the
gifted and talented based on their potential, rather than using the product-based
evaluation which has been normally applied. Since 2011 Korean Ministry of
Education adopted a teachers’ observation and nomination system. The teachers’
observation and nomination system should be built on high-caliber and
professionalism to identify the gifted and talented in visual arts. However,
unfortunately, there are not enough teachers or professionals qualified for the arts
gifted education. Therefore, to reinforce the teachers’ observation and nomination
system, we need to develop clear evaluation criteria based on understanding of the
giftedness in visual arts.
In this study, we developed questions for a diagnostic test for the gifted and
talented in visual arts. First, through the literature review, the giftedenss in visual
arts and its constructing factors were defined. Based on this definition of the
giftedness in visual art, open-ended questionnaire were developed and a survey 118
artists and art teachers was conducted. Total 136 preliminary questions were drawn
and again the survey of 288 artists and art teachers were conducted. This time,
they are asked to answer using 5 scale likert. For data analysis, we used statistical
verification and in the end, 23 questions are decided as diagnostic test questions
for the gifted and talented in visual arts.
We expect this diagnostic test questions, as a valid and reliable evaluation
tool, help to excavate the disadvantaged gifted in visual arts. Also, it can deepen
understanding of the visual arts giftedness and provide evaluation criteria for the
gifted and talented in visual arts.