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컴퓨터 단층촬영에 사용되는 조영제의 부작용 발생에 대한 분석
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  • 컴퓨터 단층촬영에 사용되는 조영제의 부작용 발생에 대한 분석
  • Analysis of Adverse Reactions to Computed Tomography Contrast Medium
저자명
권기수,정재심
간행물명
기초간호자연과학회지KCI
권/호정보
2004년|6권 2호(통권11호)|pp.57-68 (12 pages)
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한국기초간호학회|한국
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정기간행물|KOR| 이미지(0.56MB)
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영문초록

The contrast medium is very commonly used in more than 90% of computed tomography(CT) scans. It is difficult to predict the occurrence of adverse reactions and the degree of adverse reactions are diverse from mild urticaria, itching, nausea, vomiting to even cardiopulmonary arrest. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the symptoms, occurrence rate and risk factors of the adverse reactions in patients after contrast injection during CT examinations. Two hundreds sixty-five patients showed symptoms of adverse reactions out of 71,117 adult patients who received intravenous contrast administration during CT scans from January 2003 to December 2003 at a general hospital. Data was collected by reviewing adverse reaction records and electronic medical record. The results of this study were as follows; 1. Adverse reactions occurred in 265 out of a total of 71,117 patients (0.37%). Clinical symptoms of adverse reactions were most commonly dermatologic problems such as urticaria(69.81%) and itching (63.02%), followed by dyspnea(14.34%), dizziness(11.70%), nausea(6.79%), and vomiting(7.17%). 2. Anaphylactoid reactions occurred in 47 out of a total of 265 patients, and their pattern of symptoms were most commonly related to cardiovascular systerm(90.91%), followed by respiratory systerm(82.22%), gastrointestinal systerm(51.72%), and dermatologic system(l6.51%). Eleven patients were transferred to emergency room for further treatment and two patients needed cardiopulmonary resuscitation. 3. The adverse reactions were significantly more common in women than in men (0.46% vs.0.32%, p=.003) and in type D contrast medium than the others(p<.001). The occurrence rate of adverse reactions was not significantly different according to the age and infusion speed of the contrast medium.

목차

Abstract
Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 연구방법
Ⅲ. 연구 결과
Ⅳ. 논의
Ⅴ. 결론 및 제언
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