The main purposes of this research were to investigate factors for the development of basic Dharma
traits (BDT) in preschool children and to promote the BDT which is one of a number of identified topics
concerning ethics and morality targeted for urgent presentation to children and youth in Thailand. The
study was conducted in two phases using kindergarten students aged 5 and 6. In Phase 1, teachers
evaluated the BDT in 1,088 preschool children throughout Thailand using cluster sampling. The
confirmatory factor analysis found that the preschool children showed BDT in eight areas of Diligence,
Saving, Honesty, Discipline, Politeness, Cleanliness, Unity, and Kindness. Most of the preschool
children could express examples of each area by themselves or with the assistance of teachers or friends.
In Phase 2, a model for promoting the BDT of preschool children was developed through learning
activities using sets of fables. These learning activities comprised fable books, storytelling activities, and
supplementary Dharma activities and were used by the teachers with 326 students selected from the
sample of Phase 1 by purposive sampling. The results showed that the model for promoting the BDT
could obviously promote higher scores both in general and for all the specific areas.