The purpose of this study is to integrate previous research findings regarding relationships between paternal parenting variables and child development characteristics using meta-analysis. A total of 204 studies published domestically between 1988 and 2019 were selected for the meta-analysis. This study categorized paternal parenting variables into four parenting behaviors (spending time with child, developmental/educational assistance, play activities with child, and collaboration with wife in parenting) and four parenting attitudes (affectionate, hostile, autonomous, and controlling), and categorized child development characteristics into five domains (social development, cognitive development, self-concept, self-control, and emotional development). The analyses found that effect sizes between the paternal parenting variables and child development characteristics were generally medium. This study also examined possible differential relationships between paternal variables and child developmental characteristics depending on the child developmental stage, child gender, and publication year. A significant moderation by child developmental stage was found in the effect of each of spending time with child, developmental/educational assistance, collaboration with wife in parenting, and affectionate and autonomous parenting attitudes on child development. With regard to child gender, most effect sizes of the relationships between paternal and child factors were higher in sons than in daughters, but for autonomous parenting, the reverse patterns were observed. The year of publication demonstrated a significant moderation, showing higher effect sizes of the relationships between paternal and child factors as it approaches the 2010’s. Implications of these findings to parental education/training were discussed.