The current study hypothesizes that childhood trauma experiences including physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect, would cause interpersonal withdrawal in college students, with psychological rigidity working as a mediating factor. Since selfreported child abuse measurement tools are limited in qualitatively studying trauma,
the current study employed one-on-one clinical interviews on 152 subjects with trauma experiences. The analysis revealed that interpersonal withdrawal tends to decline when there are more physical abuse experiences, although the study found no mediating effect of psychological rigidity. Emotional abuse significantly influenced interpersonal withdrawal mediated by psychological rigidity. However, neglect directly affected interpersonal withdrawal with no mediating effect. That is, more experiences of emotional abuse increase psychological rigidity, which in turn creates interpersonal withdrawal. The current study indicates that trauma experiences during childhood continue to impact interpersonal relationships in college students in their early adulthood. It also provides an empirical support that different mediating effects of psychological rigidity are found depending on the subtype of childhood trauma. That is, by showing that emotional abuse is the only type of abuse leading to interpersonal withdrawal through psychological rigidity, the current study offers information that may be useful in establishing goals for psychotherapeutic interventions for such patients. The current study demonstrates that early discovery of childhood trauma is necessary because negative outcomes of such experiences can continue into early adulthood, in addition to the need for continued systematic support for patients in their early adulthood.