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Victims’ Characteristics, Coping Strategies, and Problem Resolution in Picture Books for Young Children on Bullying
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  • Victims’ Characteristics, Coping Strategies, and Problem Resolution in Picture Books for Young Children on Bullying
  • Victims’ Characteristics, Coping Strategies, and Problem Resolution in Picture Books for Young Children on Bullying
저자명
Wonho Jang, Minjin Kim
간행물명
Asia-Pacific journal of research in early childhood educationKCI
권/호정보
2020년|14권 2호(통권34호)|pp.159-178 (20 pages)
발행정보
환태평양유아교육연구학회|한국
파일정보
정기간행물|ENG|
PDF텍스트(0.3MB)
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서지반출

영문초록

This study aimed to analyze the internal and external characteristics of victims of bullying, their coping strategies, and how victims’ concerns regarding bullying are finally resolved, based on narratives and illustrations in picture books for young children (ages 3–5) published in Korea. The final sample of 55 picture books was selected using a three-step process. The contents were then coded using content analysis. Results are as follows. First, the internal and external characteristics of the victims were found to be “An introverted personality and low self-esteem”, “Unique appearance and deficient physical ability” (e.g., odd ears), and “Tastes and behavior distinct from peers” (e.g., an unusual fashion style). Second, the victims’ coping strategies involved “Avoiding the situation”, “Treating bullies with kindness”, “Making new friends other than bullies”, “Standing up to the bullies”, “Asking others for help”, and “Overcoming the causes of bullying by oneself”. Third, problem resolution involved “Resolving with the victim’s active efforts”, “Resolving with the aid of others”, and “Resolving through the self-reflection of the bullies”. These findings emphasize the use of picture books as an educational medium to prevent early childhood bullying, with the caveat to exercise caution regarding stereotypes that may potentially affect young children.

목차

Introduction
Background
Method
Results
Discussion
Conclusion

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