The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of internalized shame and self-criticism on the relationship between covert narcissism and social anxiety in college students. For this purpose, 395 college students at Chon-buk Regional University were surveyed. The covert narcissism scale, the internalized shame scale, the self-criticism scale, and the social interaction anxiety scale were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 21.0. The results of the study are as follows. First, covert narcissism, social anxiety, internalized shame, and self-criticism showed significant positive correlations with each other. Second, self-criticism and internalized shame were found to be mediating in the relationship between covert narcissism and social anxiety. These results suggest that the higher covert narcissistic tendency, the more frequent shame and self-criticism, and the higher social anxiety due to the evaluation sensitivity and the weakness. In addition, this study suggests that internalized shame and self-criticism are influential factors in experiencing social anxiety. Finally, based on the results of this study, implications and limitations of the study and suggestions for future research were discussed.