The purpose of this study was to examine the meaning of vanitas art in mourning art therapy from Jung’s analytic psychological perspective. I will explane the changes in themes through the background and history of the birth of vanitas art, and examine the components of vanitas art through an analytic psychological perspective, to understand what vanitas art means to mourning art therapy. Vanitas art is a painting genre that emerged in the Netherlands around the 17th century. It contains images of life and death. The main components of vanitas art are flowers, mirrors, clocks, books, candles and skulls. Among these components, the meaning of the images of flowers and skeletons was analyzed psychologically through the art works of flowers and skeletons , which most clearly showed the contrast of life and death. Additionally, the meaning of the mourning process was considered from an analytic psychological perspective. Finally, from this perspective, mourning can be seen as a process of individualization in which a mourner seeks meaning in pain and toward the whole, including the opposite of life and death. Therefore, this research will contribute to the study of mourning art therapy by providing the theoretical background about the images of life and death, and the individualization process of finding meaning in pain.