Self-actualization is recognized as an individual's loyal role in order to form identity in the middle of relationship with oneself and family, society, and nation. Job can be seen to be performance of a role in society.
In order for people with hearing impairments, who have difficulty in light of communication, to be successfully adjusted to work life, the positive ego-identity is very important. In other words, ego-identity is a major factor of having influence upon self-actualization and job preference. Desirable work life comes to decide on quality of life. Consequently, ego-identity, self-actualization and work life can be known to be formed with complementary relationship of deciding on a human being's life.
This study aims to analyze relationship between identity and job preference in students with hearing impairments, and to offer basic data for career education. Its specific objective is as follows.
First, it surveys disability identity in students with hearing impairments.
Second, it surveys job preference in students with hearing impairments.
Third, it analyzes relationship between disability identity and job preference in students with hearing impairments.
The results, which were obtained through this study, are as follows.
First, the disability identity according to individual background variable in students with hearing impairments showed significant difference depending on whether the parents in students with hearing impairments are normal parents or parents with hearing impairments. The disability identity in case of normal parents was indicated to be higher than disability identity in case of parents with hearing impairments.
Second, the job preference according to individual background variable in students with hearing impairments showed significant difference depending on whether students with hearing impairments wear protector. In case of being performed cochlear implant, the job preference was the highest. The next was followed by a case of wearing hearing aid. The group that showed the lowest job preference was the one that didn't wear protector.
Finally, the correlation between job preference and disability identity was not related. Therefore this study concluded that the identity of the hearing impaired is not important factor to select the job preference.
Key words : Hearing Impairments Students, disability Identity, Job Preference