The program of this study was conducted in the judgement of the need of psychological intervention in childhood cancer patients who underwent emotional difficulties by depression, anxiety, and withdrawal behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of art therapy on depression, anxiety, and withdrawal behavior in childhood cancer patients. The subjects were childhood cancer patients of 6 years and 1 month who became inactive and experienced some difficulties in a kindergarten and at home by depression, anxiety, and withdrawal behavior. The program consisted of 16 sessions for 60 minutes a week. K-CBCL(Korea-Child Behavior Checklist) and draw-a-man-test were used for pre-test and post-test and session progress was analyzed. Finally, the results were as follows. First, in K-CBCL, the depression․anxiety scale and the withdrawal score were significantly decreased from T score of 82 to 59 and T score of 75 to 59 respectively. Second, in draw-a-man-test, there was difference in the size, location, and form of a man. Finally, as art therapy progressed in the session, the lack of emotional and verbal expression became improved, depression, anxiety, and withdrawal behavior became decreased, and confidence became increased.
Key Words : Pediatric Cancer, Art Play Therapy, Depression, Anxiety, Withdrawal