This purpose of this study is to verify the effect of the interpersonal trauma experience and psychological acceptance on empathic understanding ability. The survey questionnaires included interpersonal trauma checklist, BLRI-EU for measuring empathic understanding and AAQ-II for measuring psychological acceptance. To achieve this, surveys were conducted on 300 persons, over 20 years of age who live in Seoul and Kyeongki-do. Of those, 281 valid data were statistically processed including frequency analysis using SPSS 23.0. The result of the study disclosed that: one, The main effect of suffering and psychological acceptance at the time of trauma experience was significant. That is, the higher the suffering at the time of trauma, the better the psychological acceptance, the higher the level of empathic understanding. And it turns out there was a tendency of interactions between suffering and psychological acceptance at the time of trauma experience. Two, The main effects of current suffering and psychological acceptance on trauma experience were significant. However, the interaction between current suffering and psychological acceptance level related to trauma experience was not significant. Lastly, restrictions to this study as well as future studies have been suggested.