The purpose of this study was to examine the effects that different types of parent-child communication has on a nursing student’s adaption to college life and to field practice. A survey was conducted on fourth year undergraduate students from a university nursing department in Chungcheong-do, South Korea. All 139 students surveyed had more than one year clinical practice experience. The data analysis was done in IBM SPSS statistics 24.0 using descriptive statistics, the Simple regression analysis, one-way ANOVA, 2 sample t-test and the Sheffe test. The simple regression analysis showed that if negative, closed, and problematic communication exists in the parent-child relationship, it will negatively affect the student’s adaptability to college life and to fieldwork. On the other hand, it was found that the more positive the communication was between the parent-child, the more positive the student’s attitude would be. This positive attitude was beneficial to the student’s adaptability to university life and to fieldwork. This study found that there was an effect on the adaptability to university life and to field practice from the type of communication a nursing student has with their parents. Subsequent research is needed to develop and apply qualitative programs that use these findings to help nursing students in their studies and to verify their effectiveness.