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Packaging of Rift Valley fever virus pseudoviruses and establishment of a neutralization assay method
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  • Packaging of Rift Valley fever virus pseudoviruses and establishment of a neutralization assay method
저자명
Yuetao Li, Yongkun Zhao, Cuiling Wang, Xuexing Zheng, Hualei Wang, Weiwei Gai, Hongli Jin, Feihu Yan, Boning Qiu, Yuwei Gao, Nan
간행물명
Journal of Veterinary ScienceKCI,SCIE,SCOPUS
권/호정보
2018년|19권 2호(통권71호)|pp.200-206 (7 pages)
발행정보
대한수의학회|한국
파일정보
정기간행물|ENG|
PDF텍스트(1.89MB)
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영문초록

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, febrile zoonotic disease that is caused by the RVF virus (RVFV). RVF is mainly prevalent on the Arabian Peninsula, the African continent, and several islands in the Indian Ocean near southeast Africa. RVFV has been classified by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) as a category A pathogen. To avoid biological safety concerns associated with use of the pathogen in RVFV neutralization assays, the present study investigated and established an RVFV pseudovirus-based neutralization assay. This study used the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) lentiviral packaging system and RVFV structural proteins to successfully construct RVFV pseudoviruses. Electron microscopy observation and western blotting indicated that the size, structure, and shape of the packaged pseudoviruses were notably similar to those of HIV lentiviral vectors. Infection inhibition assay results showed that an antibody against RVFV inhibited the infective ability of the RVFV pseudoviruses, and an antibody neutralization assay for RVFV detection was then established. This study has successfully established a neutralization assay based on RVFV pseudoviruses and demonstrated that this method can be used to effectively evaluate antibody neutralization.

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