Using modified technique of Schmidt et al, as described previously (Korean J. Pharmacol 9 : 17, 1973), the stomach of female rats were perfused with physiological saline under urethane anesthesia. The acid-secretory response of the perfused stomach to i.v. hypertonic glucose (50%), casein hydrolysate (20%) or saline (6%) solution were studied with or without histamine or methacholine stimulation. A significant decrease of acid secretion from the rat stomach was induced by i.v. hypertonic glucose or saline solution. The histamine-stimulated acid secretion was also decreased by simultaneous administration of the hypertonic glucose or saline. However, methacholine-stimulated acid response was not affected by the hypertonic glucose. Intravenous infusion of 20% casein hydrolysate solution resulted in an increase in acid output from the stomach under histamine stimuli. These results lead to the conclusion that the inhibitory responses of acid secretion due to i.v. hypertonic glucose solution are brought through the effect of histaminergic, not cholnergic mechanism(s) in the gastric secretion.