This study aims at understanding the perception of elementary teachers about the five school days a week system and the realiries of elementary physical leisure education in the way of cultural description. For the purpose of the study, the researcher applied a case study among qualitative methodologies and collected data using diverse methods(in-depth interview, review of the related literature, and videotaping). The collected data were analysed using a inductive category analysis, and the validity of the data was confirmed by inter-constituents review, peer consultation, and triangulation. The results of analysing the perception of elementary teachers about the five school days a week system(teachers\' perception, the actual status of class), and the elementary leisure education(perception, facilities, programs and instructors of leisure).
In the perception of the teachers about the five school days a week system, the teachers did not exactly know about the system, so they were processing the jobs according to administrative conventions. About the actual status of class under the five school days a week system, the teachers thought that they focused on the outcome of class rather than pursued the quality of contents and diversity of class, so that the class became a class without substance but good appearance.
In the perception of leisure, not only there was no basic perception about leisure education but also there was lack of facilities for the leisure education. In the aspect of facilities, they thought that local social sports facilities were not enough, and in case of the urban schools, they were unsatisfied with their facilities much. In case of the instructors for leisure education, the problems about qualifying, supplying and demanding the instructors were indicated most. In leisure education programs, the diversification of programs related with physical training was not enough, in addition, in case of programs related with physical training, their structure was not proper for attracting students\' participation positively. Finally, there were also opinions that the education quality became low because the education programs were operated with low costs. For the solutions for these problems, they suggested that one could complement the facilities and supply and demand the necessary instructors without difficulty, and secure the qualified instructors through receiving support from social facility institutions.
※ Key Words : five school days a week system, leisure education in elementary P. E.