This study examined how mothers with high parenting stress change their parenting attitudes by participating in a reflective discussion group. The study took place in a child care center located in city E, Gyeonggi-do where three mothers were observed by a researcher for 11 weeks. The following sources were used to collect data: video recording of the mother-child interaction, 11 times of direct observation, the mothers' journal and the researcher's journal.
The results of this study highlights that in a reflective parent discussion group, the mothers' high parenting stress decreased as they objectively recognized their parenting attitude problems through a comparative analysis of each other’s different opinion. The mothers were also able to redefine the parenting attitudes they need. Moreover, this study suggests that reflective thinking plays a key role in solving parenting problems. Overall significance of the study is that the mothers were able to independently solve their parenting attitude problems and related stress by improving their reflective thinking skills through participating in a parent discussion group, and thus become better mothers.