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분석심리학적 관점에서의 Neumann, Erikson, Winnicott의 발달이론의 분석심리학적 비교
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  • 분석심리학적 관점에서의 Neumann, Erikson, Winnicott의 발달이론의 분석심리학적 비교
  • A Depth Psychological Comparison of Theories of Development by Neumann, Erikson, and Winnicott
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간행물명
한국아동심리치료학회지KCI
권/호정보
2008년|3권 2호(통권4호)|pp.83-92 (10 pages)
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한국아동심리치료학회|한국
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정기간행물|KOR|
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국문초록

본 논문은 분석심리학적 관점에서 Neumann, Erikson, Winnicott의 발달이론을 비교코자 하였다. 이 들의 이론이 각자의 관점과 용어로서 인간발달의 여러 측면들을 개념화 하고 있지만 분석심리학적 관점에서 말하는 생애 전반부의 외부적응을 위한 자아(ego) 발달 그리고 생애 후반부의 정신 내면세계로의 적응을 위한 두 번째 자아발달 및 자기(Self)의 관계에 관해 공통적으로 언급하고 있다고 할 수 있다. 본 논문은 이러한 관점에서 세 학자의 다양한 개념들을 정의하고 비교하였으며 심리치료에 임상적 시사점을 주기 위해 관련된 임상사례를 간략히 제시하였다.

영문초록

This paper is a comparison of the theories of Erikson, Winnicott, and Neumann from an analytical psychological viewpoint. In it I present brief case studies with the purpose of enhancing understanding of human development when people are involved with a clinical setting. Winnicott’s(1968 /2000, pp.201 221) concept of self that includes the notions of “true self” and “false self” is very similar to the concept of Self in Jungian psychology. We can also detect that this concept is related to that of ego and persona as well. The Self wants to actualize itself through the individual and the collective and develops ego for this purpose. This can be interpreted as a basic step for integrating the whole personality. The ego plays a role of compromising between desires from the inner world and influences/motivations from the outer world. It controls the desires by connecting with the outer world for the integration of the whole personality. Meanwhile, the persona is developed in order to protect the ego. For a healthy developmental process, the persona protects the ego so that the ego can maintain an appropriate connection with the Self internally, while adjusting itself appropriately externally. As was mentioned by Winnicott, development of a false self may be necessary in an individual’s adaptation to outer world. However, if the ego identifies itself only with the persona, thus losing connection with the Self, then the mental health of the individual becomes vulnerable. Subsequently, this condition is related to the concept of identity loss or weak identity formation as mentioned by Erikson(1968). Moreover, Neumann’s(1973) so‐called “distressed” ego or “negativized” ego will develop. During the process of development, the personality in terms of identity strucuture is divided into two parts, one part that becomes conscious as a result of being preferred by parents and family and the other a shadow that becomes unconscious as a result of being ignored or rejected,. However, the shadow still has an influence on the ego function of the individual. James Hall(1983) categorized Jung’s conceptualized psychological structures into the following two groups in order to facilitate understanding of the dynamic interaction between them: identity structure and relationship structure. He basically viewed the ego and shadow as identity structure(pp.14 15), which is a phenomenon similar to how Erikson(1968) conceptualized identity.

목차

Introduction
Conclusion
Reference

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