Since the publication of “The Convention on the Right of the Child” by the UN in 1989, the protection of children\'s rights has become a central issue of international attention and political efforts. The representation of children in the policy of a country reflects the status and image of children therein, therefore child policy of a country should be studied to find out, how systematic children\'s rights are protected and supported in that country. In this Study child policy standards of industrialized countries, USA, Sweden, Germany and Japan, have been studied focussing on four fundamental children\'s rights：The right of existence, of protection, of development and of participation. By comparison with these substantial categories it is possible to clarify the direction of Korean child policy development. Furthermore, child policy of the countries in this study has been compared and analysed in four areas of political legislation, 1) child care 2) child support 3) children with disability 4) child abuse.
The study made clear that in all countries studied child policy is estimated as an important means against the ongoing aging society and stands in close relation to the aims of family policy and women policy. On the other hand differences between child policy in each country could be identified, depending on the individual social, cultural and demographic background. It became obvious that the more detailed and precise child policy regulations were structured, the more systematic they were put into practice.
Furthermore, the necessity to develop the awareness of children\'s rights protection in the Korean society, to increase the participation of children in child politics and to monitor child protection systematically are discussed.