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농촌 여성 노인의 일상생활수행능력과 우울이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향
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  • 농촌 여성 노인의 일상생활수행능력과 우울이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향
  • Effects of Activity of Daily Living and Depression on Quality of Life among Elderly Women in Rural Areas
저자명
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간행물명
한국농촌간호학회지KCI후보
권/호정보
2015년|10권 1호(통권18호)|pp.17-29 (13 pages)
발행정보
한국농촌간호학회|한국
파일정보
정기간행물|KOR|
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국문초록

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Purpose:  This study was done to examine factors affecting quality of life among community-dwelling elderly women who live in rural areas. Methods: The design of this research was cross-sectional descriptive study. The participants were 92 community-dwelling women aged 65 or older. Data were collected from November 1 to 15, 2013. ADL (Kart's Index), GDS-SF (Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form) and GQOL (Geriatric Quality of Life Scale) were used to measure variables. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics, Spearman's coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The participants' mean age was 77.5, and 85.9% had elementary school graduation or less education, and for 64.1%, their economic status was low. Spearman's rho coefficient analysis found that QOL was significantly associated with depression (r=-.72, p<.001), perceived health (r=.58, p<.001), regular exercise (r=.47, p<.001), education level (r=.29, p=.005), and ADL (r=-.21, p=.043). Multiple regression analysis showed that 65.9% of their QOL was explained by depression (β=-.72), perceived health (β=.24), ADL (β=-.16), exercise (β=.22) and number of diseases (β=.19). Conclusion: These results indicate that older women who live rural areas need support for ADL, and prevention of depression to improve their quality of life.

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