Purpose: This study was done to examine factors affecting quality of life among
community-dwelling elderly women who live in rural areas. Methods: The design of this research
was cross-sectional descriptive study. The participants were 92 community-dwelling women aged
65 or older. Data were collected from November 1 to 15, 2013. ADL (Kart's Index), GDS-SF
(Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form) and GQOL (Geriatric Quality of Life Scale) were used to
measure variables. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using
descriptive statistics, Spearman's coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The
participants' mean age was 77.5, and 85.9% had elementary school graduation or less education,
and for 64.1%, their economic status was low. Spearman's rho coefficient analysis found that QOL
was significantly associated with depression (r=-.72, p<.001), perceived health (r=.58, p<.001),
regular exercise (r=.47, p<.001), education level (r=.29, p=.005), and ADL (r=-.21, p=.043). Multiple
regression analysis showed that 65.9% of their QOL was explained by depression (β=-.72),
perceived health (β=.24), ADL (β=-.16), exercise (β=.22) and number of diseases (β=.19).
Conclusion: These results indicate that older women who live rural areas need support for ADL,
and prevention of depression to improve their quality of life.