The purpose of this study was to find its problems and improvement solutions in the field of elementary physical education consulting supervision. This was completed by examining the situation and context by learning from critical theory. For this purpose, the researchers of the study selected five consultants who had rich consulting supervision experience and three clients. They had shown their intention to participate in this research among the support group for elementary physical education consulting supervision of the S City Education Office as of 2014. For collecting research data, we conducted an in-depth interview with each of the eight participants about the problems of elementary physical education consulting supervision. Research results were deducted by categorizing collected data into more meaningful topics through inductive category analysis. As a result, the problems of elementary physical education consulting supervision were identified as being performed more for consultants than clients, clients lacking self-motivation and consultants lacking professionalism, the absence of consultant selection, management and training, and the lack of understanding and publicity. To improve these problems, consultants should be selected by a strict process and granted with more incentives; clients should be granted incentives for self-motivation; training, management, and supporting system should be established; and awareness of consulting supervision should be elevated.