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성폭력범죄 재발방지를 위한 정책으로부터의 교훈: 미국의 거주지 제한정책을 중심으로
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  • 성폭력범죄 재발방지를 위한 정책으로부터의 교훈: 미국의 거주지 제한정책을 중심으로
  • What People Learn from Sex Offender Management Legislation and Policy: Focusing on Residence Restriction Laws of the US
저자명
윤가현
간행물명
대한성학회지
권/호정보
2015년|2권 1호(통권4호)|pp.11-30 (20 pages)
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대한성학회|한국
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정기간행물|KOR| 이미지(0.37MB)
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서지반출

국문초록

대다수 문화권에서 성폭력 범죄가 사회적 논쟁거리로 부각될 때마다 강경한 정책들을 마련하면서 대처해왔다. 형기를 마치고 출소한 성범죄자들의 신상정보를 등록시키고, 그 정보를 지역사회에 고지하고, 그들의 행방이나 위치를 추적하고, 그들의 거주지를 제한하는 정책 등이 대표적인 방안들이다. 본고에서는 비교적 최근 미국의 여러 지역사회에서 실시되고 있는 거주지 제한정책을 중심으로 그 정책의 이론적 근거 및 현황, 그리고 기대하는 방향과 달리 현실적으로 드러난 문제점 등을 고찰하면서 성폭력 범죄발생의 근절이나 억제에 필요한 방안 마련에서 고려해야 할 사항들을 제시하였다. 성폭력 범죄의 재범방지를 위해서는 거주지 제한보다도 출소 전후로 성범죄자들의 인지적 왜곡 등을 감소시켜주는 치료프로그램의 제공 및 지역사회에서의 수용이 절대적으로 필요하며, 장기적인 관점에서 성범죄가 근절되기 위해서는 아동기 학대 피해가 발생하지 않도록 하는 방안의 강구를 강조했다.

영문초록

Whenever sex crimes have become social issues, more powerful strategies have been made to cope the crimes in most societies. Exemplar strategies are laws on registered sexual offenders, community notification, GPS tracking and monitoring, residence restrictions, and so on. Theoretical backgrounds, current status, and the unintended consequences of sex offender residence restriction law which enacted in the US were reviewed. Also several considerations were suggested in order to eradicate sex crimes. The considerations were: sex offenders should correct cognitive distortions through treatment programs as well as be accepted by community in order to prevent sex offense recidivism rather than residence restrictions; more appropriate measures which prevent child abuse should be drawn up from a long-term perspective of eradicating sex crimes.

목차

서론
성폭력 관련 법안
법안 제정의 사회적 배경
거주지 제한정책의 기본 배경
거주지 제한정책의 실시 현황
거주지 제한정책의 효과
거주지 제한정책의 의문사항
논의 및 제언

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