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성전환 수술의 역사적 배경 및 국내 현황
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  • 성전환 수술의 역사적 배경 및 국내 현황
  • Brief Historical Background of Sex Reassignment Surgery and its Current State in Korea
저자명
김진홍
간행물명
대한성학회지
권/호정보
2014년|1권 3호(통권3호)|pp.78-86 (9 pages)
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대한성학회|한국
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정기간행물|KOR| 이미지(0.4MB)
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서지반출

국문초록

본고는 성 주체성 장애의 연구에 관한 역사와 함께 세계성전환 학회의 태동 및 그 학회에서 발간하는 진료지침 최신판(제7판, 2011년)에 대해 소개한 것이다. 진료지침은 정신 건강과 호르몬 치료, 수술적 처치, 사회 및 법률적 내용 등을 담고 있는데, 진 료지침의 목적과 목표는 성 주체성 장애자의 건강 증진을 위한 것이다. 성적인 다양성에 대한 관용과 평등권에 대한 사회적 정 책과 법률적인 변화를 통해 편견과 소외, 사회적 낙인찍기를 제 거하는 것이 성 주체성 장애자의 건강을 증진하는 방법이다. 한 글로 된 진료지침은 1990년 세계성전환학회 진료지침을 토대로 제정되기도 했지만, 그 후 한 차례도 개정작업이 이루어지지 못했다. 국내에서는 여성에서 남성으로의 성전환 수술이 1986 년 그리고 여성에서 남성으로의 수술이 1991년 시도되어 그 역사가 짧지 않음에도 불구하고 성주체성 장애라는 선천적 질병 에 대한 국가적 차원의 역학조사도 아직 시도하지 못한 실정이다.

영문초록

This review includes the brief history of sexology, the birth records of international study group, the world professional associations for transgender health (WPATH), and its SOC(standards of care; 7th version, 2011). The SOC contains topics on mental health, hormone therapy, surgical options and socio-legal issues. Health for people with gender identity disorder is promoted through public policies and legal reforms that promote tolerance and equity for gender and sexual diversity and that eliminate prejudice, discrimination, and stigma. The goal and purpose of SOC lies on the afore-mentioned health-related issues. The Korean version of SOC was initially legislated in 1990, based on the 3rd version of SOC, but no more revision of it has done yet. The first case of male to female sex reassignment surgery was performed in 1986 and female to male surgery in 1991. Nevertheless, there has been no nation-wide epidemiological study on this congenital disorder of gender identity in Korea yet.

목차

서론
역학
치료
국내 현황

참고문헌 (32건)

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