The study investigates Asian Americans' coping strategy related to domestic abuse.
The subjects filled out questionnaires measuring domestic violence through the
revised Conflict Tactic Scales (CTS2) and coping strategies using the Situation
Specific Scale (CISS: SSC).
The participants were asked if they had experienced abuse in their relationships.
The results shows that more than five of the participants had experienced physical
assault or suffered injuries from their partner. The result shows that 94% of the
women questioned had experienced psychological aggression and 6% reported no
instances of psychological aggression. Most reported having used negotiation skills
during their conflicts.
12.5% reported having never experienced any injuries during domestic disputes,
and 87.5% indicated having been injured. 12.5% reported needing medical services
due to injuries sustained in domestic disputes, and only two participants reported
needing medical attention for their injuries but not having sought assistance. The most
common forms of physical assault reported included being slammed against the wall
at 37%, being shoved at 28%, having their arm twisted at 19% and being burned or
scalded at 16%.
Approximately 87.5% applied the problem_focused coping strategy in which one
uses cognitive efforts to manage stress. 93% reported using the emotion_focused
coping strategy. 75% utilized the avoidance_oriented coping strategy, in which one
directs the attention away from the stress. The data shows that the avoidance_oriented
coping strategy has a positive correlation with all types of domestic abuse. The
strongest independent variable is between the avoidance_oriented coping strategy and
injury(.422). The findings suggest that those subjects in need of help after a domestic
altercation did not seek any attention.
The women in this study also expressed a lack of access information or resources
on domestic abuse, Which could be due to the lack of the cultural and linguistic accessibility of services In Massachusetts. Counseling and psychological treatment is
often a very effective way to combat domestic violence, but it has to be accessible
to those who need it. Most of the participants answered that they were aware their
child had also been abused but, had not reported the abuse in order to preserve the
family. If domestic abuse is not reported, the child may learn helplessness. When the
child witness is abused, this can be harmful to the child because, it can be a
potentially traumatic situation for them as well as cause them to feel resentment.
Hiring interpreters, bilingual staff and creating culturally competent services in
shelters, counseling centers, outreach programs and even police departments can be
very helpful in making programs more approachable and effective.