Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-compassion and marital quality, as well as the mediating roles of dyadic perspective taking and dysfunctional communication behavior between the two variables. Methods: Participants were 338 married individuals, 168 male and 170 female, all between 35 and 54, living in Seoul or Gyeonggi-do. The measures used were the Self-Compassion Scale, Marital Comparison Level Index, Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale, Self Dyadic Perspective-Taking Scale, and Dysfunctional Communication Behavior Scale. Descriptive statistics analysis, correlation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling were performed to analyze the data using SPSS 21.0 and Mplus 7. Results: The results showed that self-compassion was a significant predictor of marital quality. Dyadic perspective taking and dysfunctional communication behavior each mediated the relationship between self-compassion and marital quality. The results also indicated the indirect pathways of self-compassion to marital quality through dyadic perspective taking and then dysfunctional communication behavior. Conclusions: The findings provide a theoretical basis for the development of self-compassion focused couple therapy programs that can help couples enhance their relationship quality by improving their self-compassion, perspective taking, and functional communication behavior.